Lanzhou Evening News April 8 is the second day of the Lanzhou Municipal Middle School Entrance Examination Diagnostic Examination, and the three subjects opened are mathematics, morality and rule of law, and history. How difficult are the questions in these three subjects, how to sprint and review after the diagnostic exam, and several famous teachers of Lanzhou No. 3 Middle School gave paper analysis and preparation suggestions.


Focus on the basics and highlight the ability

Lanzhou No. 3 Middle School Zhu Shoujian

Examination Paper Analysis:

The paper questions still follow the basic structure of the 2020 mid-year exam questions, with the total score changed from 150 points to 120 points, each sub-question of choice and fill-in-the-blank changed from 4 points to 3 points, the solution question changed from 86 points to 72 points, and the probability module changed from solution questions to fill-in-the-blank questions. The knowledge areas of this set of questions are reasonably distributed, focusing on both the basics and the ability, and basically follow the ratio of 7:2:1 in the easy to difficult. The test questions further pay attention to the application awareness and innovation consciousness of mathematics, highlight the core literacy and learning ability of students, pay attention to the history and culture of mathematics, pay attention to the transfer and exploration of question types, and also increase students’ ability to find problems, analyze problems, abstract mathematical models and solve problems in specific situations. For example, in question 9, the system of equations is abstracted from the background of the problems in the ancient mathematical work “Nine Chapters of Arithmetic”, so that students can pay attention to traditional Chinese mathematical culture while testing knowledge; Question 21, with “residential electricity consumption” as the background, mathematical modeling is carried out, and primary functions and positive proportional functions are abstracted, and mathematical literacy is penetrated; Question 22 is the ability to solve practical problems by using the relevant knowledge of solving right triangles and comprehensively using mathematical ideas such as number shape combination ideas and equation ideas to solve practical problems against the background of “navigation” to determine whether there is a danger of running aground; Question 24 is a statistical data analysis problem, focusing on the connection between mathematics and life in the context of “agricultural product output”, which mainly tests students’ ability to read data, analyze data, and obtain information, while strengthening students’ patriotic education; Question 25, continuing the 26th question of the 2019 and 2020 middle school entrance examinations by abstract functions of geometric figures, studying function images and properties, this question is two new function exploration questions, with geometric figures as the background, students in the process of studying the relationship between elements in geometric figures, experience the basic methods of taking points, drawing, measuring, using lists, tracing points, and connecting to study functions, migrating to unfamiliar function graphics, and examining the accumulation of students’ experience in basic mathematical activities; Question 27 is a comprehensive topic of geometry, which is designed from three aspects: problem solving – law exploration – extended application, applying the important knowledge points of graphics and geometry in junior and middle school to examine students’ mathematical thinking methods such as transformation, mathematical abstraction, deductive reasoning, spatial concept, geometric intuition, etc. Since 2018, “ruler drawing” has basically appeared in the “diagnostic examination and middle school examination” in the fill-in-the-blank questions, and the examination method has changed from hands-on drawing to analysis of the principle of drawing, and the principle is transferred to solve the problem.

Exam preparation suggestions:

1. Return to the textbook, pay attention to the basics, comprehensively sort out the knowledge system, understand the concepts, properties, theorems and other key knowledge points in the textbook thoroughly, and practice makes perfect the example problems, exercises and variant problems in the textbook.

2. Take the main content in the mathematics “Curriculum Standards” as the center, according to the characteristics of the knowledge exchange of the middle school entrance examination, do a good job in the thematic review of key modules around the key knowledge, classify the corresponding question types in the review, adhere to the classification and summary of the wrong questions in daily homework and ordinary tests, find ways to solve similar problems, and learn knowledge integration.

3. Based on the middle school examination questions and the mathematics “Curriculum Standards” in recent years, summarize the important mathematical ideas and methods contained in the test questions, especially pay attention to the idea of function and equation, the idea of combining numbers and shapes, the idea of classification discussion and matching methods, the substitution method, the coefficient method to be determined, and the equal product method, and pay attention to the efficiency of these ideas and methods in problem solving.

4. Pay attention to hot issues in life, according to the characteristics of exam questions in recent years, carefully select some novel and representative life situation question types for special training, such as: (1) chart information questions reflecting scientific and technological progress and information resources; (2) Reading comprehension questions that test self-learning ability; (3) Inductive conjectures and operational inquiry questions with innovative awareness; (4) Comprehensive questions in algebraic geometry, etc.

5. We should standardize the questioning, pay attention to the training of the detailed process, pay attention to the answering skills, improve the accuracy and speed of problem solving, and improve the quality and efficiency of review.

Ethics and the rule of law

Steady and changeable, innovative

Lanzhou No. 3 Middle School Song Hongfang

Compared with previous years, the question questions have changed steadily, and the most obvious change is the change in question type. First of all, the scenario exploration questions are eliminated, and the question and answer questions are all material analysis questions. Second, there are social practice inquiry questions, the design of thematic activities, this question type focuses on the examination of students’ social practice ability and public participation literacy, which has not appeared in the previous exam questions. These changes need to be noticed by teachers and candidates, and some preparation should be made for the design questions of the theme activities in the later review.

Multiple choice questions, clear sections and clear themes. Questions 1-3 examined major current affairs news, 4-5 examined drug knowledge, and questions 6-20 examined the knowledge learned from the aspects of morality, rule of law, and national conditions. The content covers many aspects, including emotional regulation, social welfare activities, illegal acts, national security, compliance with social rules, China’s basic economic system, Chinese culture, ethnic unity and other knowledge points. It examines candidates’ understanding of social life concerns and current political hot events. The level of examination is mostly the level of knowledge memorization and understanding, and it is not difficult.

Questions 21, 22, and 23 of the non-multiple-choice paper are “Reading materials, complete the following tasks”. 21 themes to jointly fight the epidemic, 22 themes to fight poverty alleviation and common prosperity, 23 themes to select innovative development, 3 questions and answers, keep up with the pulse of the times. The first question is an examination of the core knowledge of the textbook, and 21 questions (1) examine the Chinese spirit and Chinese strength. Question 22 (1) examines our country’s system of ensuring that the people are masters of their own affairs. 23 questions (1) examine China’s basic national policy. The questions are straightforward and clear, reinforcing students’ political identity. The second question is a question, which is difficult and obscure, which requires students to understand deeply and grasp the angle of answering. Question 21 (2) The enlightenment brought to us by the behavior of the most beautiful retrograde requires students to see the essence through the phenomenon, see where the beauty of the retrograde is, where the beauty is, and have value guidance and value orientation for the behavior of teenagers. Question 22 (2) What is the reason why the Party and the government pay close attention to people’s livelihood issues? The answer involves the original intention and mission of the party, the party’s fighting goals, people-centered thinking, shared development concept, etc., which permeate political identity. These two questions highlight the examination of students’ ability to observe social phenomena, think independently, objectively and comprehensively apply the knowledge they have learned, analyze and solve problems, and explain problems. The examination level is all at the level of application, reflecting the active use of knowledge.

1. Lay a solid foundation. According to the requirements of the syllabus, candidates should conduct an overall review of all knowledge points and build an overall network system of knowledge. It is necessary to focus on the comprehension, understanding and memorization of basic knowledge, consolidate the foundation, temper the language of the discipline, and improve the knowledge reserve.

2. Grab the hot spots. A lot of the material for the exam questions comes from hot issues in real life. Candidates should pay attention to the connection with life and the times, and cultivate the ability to use subject knowledge to interpret materials from multiple angles.

3. Consolidate training. Do the questions appropriately in the review stage, and pay attention to mastering the solution ideas of different types of questions. Every time you finish it, you must summarize and improve, and you should pay more attention to the next time you do the problem and improve your ability to use knowledge to solve problems.


Comprehensive questions to promote traditional culture

Lanzhou No. 3 Middle School Fu Lijuan

This year is the first year of Lanzhou City’s implementation of the reform of the new high school entrance examination, with a total score of 100 points for politics and history, and 50 points for politics and history. The question type and score structure of the “First Diagnosis” test are 24 single-choice questions and 24 points, and the comprehensive questions are 3 questions with a total of 26 points, and the scores of ancient Chinese history, modern Chinese history and modern world history are 12 points, 18 points and 20 points respectively, which is basically consistent with the trend of 25%, 35% and 40% of the examination of ancient Chinese history, modern Chinese history and modern history of the world in the “Full-time Compulsory Education History Curriculum Standards”. The multiple-choice questions of this “first diagnosis” test focus on the understanding of basic knowledge, and the comprehensive questions reflect the characteristics of promoting Chinese traditional culture, paying attention to social reality, keeping abreast of the pulse of the times, and highlighting the core literacy of the history discipline. It is embodied in the following aspects:

First, pay attention to basic knowledge and focus on knowledge understanding. The multiple-choice questions mainly test basic knowledge and main knowledge, covering a wide range and moderate difficulty. However, the multiple-choice questions are mostly based on historical materials and focus on the understanding of basic knowledge.

Second, carry forward excellent culture and highlight the feelings of home and country. The comprehensive questions have far-reaching meaning, broad vision, 25 questions through ancient and modern, linking the imperial examination system and Confucius Institutes, and fully reflecting the inheritance of China’s excellent traditional culture is one of the characteristics of the proposition in recent years. The 26 questions take the great cause of the reunification of the motherland as the theme, pay attention to social reality and hot spots from a historical perspective, guide students to explore and understand the major themes of the times from a historical perspective, highlight the social education value of the historical discipline to cultivate morality and cultivate people, adhere to the correct value orientation, and examine the historical evaluation system against the purpose of examination.

Third, keep abreast of the development of the times and strengthen the intention of ability. The 27 questions take the development process of the human industrial revolution as the context, and finally focus on the third energy revolution, which originates from the textbook and is higher than the textbook. It focuses on the ability to analyze, summarize and summarize historical materials, and reflects the core literacy of historical disciplines in terms of time and space concepts, historical materials and historical interpretation.

1. Consolidate the foundation and return to the teaching materials. Pay attention to the review of the main knowledge, pay attention to the integration of knowledge structure, establish a complete knowledge system and a comprehensive mind map, organize and systematize the knowledge of teaching materials, better understand memory, and remember efficiently.

2. Improve ability and flexible use. Comprehensive questions pay attention to the analysis, induction, generalization ability and core literacy examination, and when reviewing, we should be good at summarizing and summarizing the horizontal and vertical connections and comparisons between knowledge, pay attention to the temporal and spatial connection between Chinese history and world history, and pay attention to the classification of Chinese and foreign historical events in the same period.

3. Refine the topic and check for shortcomings. Through chapter training, classification training, simulation training and other practice forms, consolidate the key points, and check and fill in the missing points in ordinary training and periodic examinations from point to line.

4. Pay attention to hot topics and know the past and the present. In previous years, the examination questions had the characteristics of taking major “social hot spots” as the starting point and leading to the examination of major historical events, and when reviewing, we should consciously pay attention to the connection between historical issues and practical problems, especially for the major historical events and current political hot spots in the fifth, tenth and centenary years this year.

Lanzhou Daily all-media reporter Wang Qiaoling

Examination Paper Analysis:

Examination Paper Analysis:

Exam preparation suggestions:

Exam preparation suggestions: