In the recent mutiny in the West African country of Guinea, President Alpha Conté became the protagonist of the tragedy.

Guinea covers an area of about 245,900 square kilometers and is located on the eastern coast of the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa, with clockwise land neighbours: Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Guinea has a population of about 13.1 million (2020) and more than 20 ethnic groups, of which the Fula (also known as Pall) account for more than 40% of the country’s population, the Malinkai about 30%, and the Susu about 20%. Guinea has a relatively large number of ethnic groups, but there is no main ethnic group that accounts for the majority of the population, which is a major hidden danger. The official language of Guinea is French, and during the colonial era, Guinea was a French colony, and it was the French who brought these peoples together to form a country.

Picture – Sitting on the couch, this is the fallen president in the mutiny

About 85% of Guinea’s inhabitants are Muslim, and before French rule, it was an Arab sphere of influence.

Guinea has two water towers, the Futajaron Plateau and the Upper Guinea Plateau, and the Senegal, Gambia and Niger rivers in West Africa all originate on these two plateaus. Guinea has 6 million hectares of arable land, 80 per cent of which is uncultivated, and has excellent conditions for agricultural development.

Guinea has a narrow plain along the coast, the temperature is humid and hot, the annual precipitation can reach 5000 mm, swampy, if you can build coastal dikes like the Netherlands, it should also be fertile land.

Guinea is rich in natural resources, with large reserves of aluminum and iron ore and high taste, of which the proven reserves of aluminum ore rank first in the world.

Sitting on the mountain of gold and silver, Guinea has a weak industrial base and cannot provide for food. Guinea’s GDP per capita is $1,141 (2020), which is about 1/9 of our country.

Figure – Capital of Guinea

France, the suzerainty of Guinea, has always been close, but it has not brought prosperity to Guinea, which has been in turmoil. In 1984, Colonel Lansana Conte mutinied, and he bowed to France and later served as president until his death in 2008. This year, the president’s son-in-law staged a mutiny to inherit the presidency’s mantle, which was not something that France had planned. The French supported the new president, Alfa Conte, until the mutiny of 2021. The son-in-law of the former president went into hiding in France. France supports the loyal, but it will not make the puppets too comfortable, the opposition is always to be cultivated, and if it is disobedient, it will be changed.

Guinea’s president is nominally the supreme military commander, but judging by this coup, the president does not control the army. The total strength of the Guinean Field Army is 20,000, including 18,000 in the army, 1,500 in the navy and 500 in the air force. In addition to this, there are 1,800 gendarmes and 1,600 Republican Guards.

In terms of language, culture and military aspects, the country with which Guinea is most closely related is France. From an economic point of view, the country with the largest import and export trade volume in Guinea is China, in 2020, Guinea’s main export countries: China 66.3%, the United Arab Emirates 8.2%, Ghana 6.3%, Switzerland 6.2%; Guinea’s main importing countries: China 21.4%, India 12.0%, Japan 9.9%, Belgium 7.6%.

Coincidentally, the special forces of the Guinean mutiny were trained by the African Command of the United States and France. The U.S.-France-Africa Command trained troops to launch eight mutinies in 13 years. They were: Mauritania in 2008, Libya in 2011, Mali in 2012, Egypt in 2013, Burkina Faso in 2015, Mali in 2020, Mali in 2021 and Guinea in 2021.

Observant people found such a photo, the leader of the mutiny, posing in front of the US Embassy. How deeply the United States is involved in this matter, there is too little information publicly available now, it is difficult to judge, and I believe that the historical truth will always come out one day.