Due to the decline of physical strength, the body’s resistance is weakened, the thermoregulation function is reduced, the skin and sweat glands are atrophied, and they are afraid of cold in winter and heat in summer. Therefore, the elderly should know that the choice of summer clothing should be warm, light, soft, wide and simple.
In summer, the elderly should not wear dark clothes, but should choose those clothes with strong sweat absorption, good ventilation, wide opening, comfortable to wear, and easy to wash, so as to dissipate and conduct body heat. Silk is not easy to cling to wet skin, easy to dissipate heat, and is most suitable for summer clothing. In winter, the elderly should choose those clothes with good warmth performance, but do not wear too much, so as not to sweat slightly, after the cold wind blows, but easy to catch a cold. When dressing, pay special attention to the insulation of important parts of the body, pay attention to the warmth of the back and upper arms of the upper body, and pay attention to the warmth of the abdomen, waist and thighs of the lower body. Adding a cotton vest and wearing an “old man’s hat” will help a lot to prevent cold.
The clothes of the elderly are required to be wide, soft, fitted, and feel comfortable to wear, while the style of clothes should be simple, easy to put on and take off, do not wear pullover clothes, clothes with many buttons should not be more, should wear placket.
Cold feet will reflexively cause nasal mucosal vasoconstriction, causing colds, and some elderly people will also have stomach pain, diarrhea, abnormal heart rate, leg numbness and other symptoms. Therefore, the elderly should prepare all the shoes and socks to wear in different seasons. In winter, it is best to wear insulated, breathable, non-slip cotton shoes, cotton socks with better cold resistance and imitation wool nylon socks. In other seasons, the elderly should wear light cloth shoes, and elderly women should not wear high heels to prevent injuries.
The intimate clothes of the elderly are best made of cotton or cotton fabric, and should not wear chemical fiber clothes. Because chemical fiber underwear has static electricity, it has a stimulating effect on the skin, which is easy to cause itchy skin in the elderly. However, some elderly people with rheumatoid arthritis can wear pants made of chlorine, because the static electricity generated by chlorine is helpful in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
Human feet are the ends of blood vessel distribution, the subcutaneous fat of the feet is relatively thin, most of them are dense fibrous tissue, and the heat preservation effect is poor. “Cold is born from under your feet” is this truth. Elderly people are more likely to have cold feet because the peripheral vascular circulation is worse than the average person.