The ancients loved incense

Incense burning is known as the “first of the ten elegances”

Whether it’s the court, or the people

All have a burning incense clean gas

Burning incense and playing pianos, arranging flowers, chanting poems and paintings

The custom of burning incense and sitting quietly

Zhuge Liang, a celebrity of the Three Kingdoms, often set up incense cases and burned incense to help the fun.

During the Qing Dynasty, the Taihe Hall was full of fragrance all day long.

Today, let’s take a look at China’s incense culture.

The incense shop in the Song Dynasty’s “Qingming Upper River Map”

The name of the incense shop is “Liu’s Colored Shen Tan Picking (Rub) Incense Shop”, which mainly sells agarwood, sandalwood, picking incense (top-grade frankincense) and prepared incense pills and incense powder.

Ming Qiuying’s incense shop in “Tuqing Ming Shanghe Tu”

In front of the incense shop, a sign was put on the book “Eight hundred high incense for materials”, and two master incense craftsmen were drying the made incense and incense.

The signboard in front of the incense shop reads “Sincerely make Shen Su White Sandalwood, rest in peace with all kinds of famous incense”

Officials often owe study debts, and Lumi does not provide money for alcohol.

Yu Xi is now silent, burning incense and idly reading Yuxi poems.

——Lu You, “Closed House in Fake All Day”

Southern Song Dynasty Liu Songnian West Garden Yaji Map (partial)

The scene of burning incense and talking in “West Garden Collection”

Chinese incense, after thousands of years of development, has also appeared many types, such as Du Heng, Yuelin incense, jatamansi, suhe, rest, tulip, tulip, tumul, heluo, cloves, agarwood, sandalwood, musk, oud incense, white brain incense, baizhi, solitude, jatamansi, sannai, lotus, lotus, galangal, fennel, woody incense, mother cloves, fine spices, rhubarb, frankincense, ganan, water rest, rose petals, ice chips, ambergris.

Southern Song Dynasty Li Song’s incense burning scene in “Listening to Ruan Tu”

According to the appearance characteristics, it can be divided into incense material, thread incense, plate incense, tower incense, incense pill, incense powder, incense seal, balm, incense, fragrant soup, sachet, incense pillow, etc.

Joy and chills, light and quiet.

The layer bed is through the Ji group, and Fang Ding is soodiarrha.

——Wang Anzhong, “Ruimu Temple Song Banquet Poem”

Southern Song Dynasty Ma Yuan’s “Bamboo Stream Incense Burning Map”

The bright window extends the quiet day, sitting silently on all edges.

The conversation will be endless, and this is a smoke.

——Chen Heyi, “Burning Incense”

Qing Xu Zhuang painted the axis of “Ladies’ Walking Chart”

There is nothing for the guests, and the stone furnace adds water to sink.

——Xu Di “Title Changxuan Zhongcaotang”

Sitting and talking in the elegant aroma of agarwood was a special way for the ancients to socialize.

The stove is ethereal because of the incense Incense is light because of the stove

The stove used for incense is it

incense burner

As an indispensable thing for the use of incense rituals, self-cultivation, cultivation and pleasantness, the incense burner is not only a kind of artifact, but also a witness of successive civilizations.

“Yin Yu Twelve Beauty Figure Bogu Meditation”

In the Bogu Meditation Map, there are three incense burners on the Bogu shelf. Below the Ru kiln azure daffodil basin is an imitation kiln white-glazed four-legged square cover incense burner, and in the inconspicuous place on the left side of the picture behind the beauty, half of the kiln with a wooden lid is painted with an incense burner. In the upper right corner of the picture is the Ruyao azure three-legged bearing plate, which is used to make incense seals.

Bronze open-cut dragon pattern Kaoru (Sengoku)

The shapes, shapes, colors, and ornaments of the incense burner are dazzling, each with its own merits, with the smoke shape and fragrant aroma, so that the situation of incense is blended.

Wrong Gold Three-legged Incense Burner (Sengoku)

Incense burners can be divided into pottery stoves, bronze furnaces, porcelain stoves, brass furnaces, furnaces, gold furnaces, jade furnaces, enamel stoves, glass furnaces, wood furnaces, stone furnaces, purple clay stoves, etc.

Sitiwen Boshan Furnace (Han)

The “Boshan Furnace”, first created in the Western Han Dynasty, is a representative of the Han Dynasty incense burner. Common Boshan furnaces are bronze and ceramics.

Turtle Crane Phoenix Bird Boshan Furnace (Han)

The furnace body is in the shape of a bean in bronze, with a lid, the cover is high and pointed, hollowed, mountain-shaped, and the mountain shape is overlapping, and birds and beasts are carved in between, which is named after the legendary sea fairy mountain – Boshan Mountain.

Yanglian celadon aromatherapy (Sui)

Bronze chain four-legged smoking furnace (Tang)

Copper gilt tower smoker (Tang)

In the Tang Dynasty, metal incense balls and incense smoked with chains were popular. The multi-legged copper incense smoking with lid in the Tang Dynasty is very unique, and there are also those with chains.

Gilt and silver incense sachets excavated from Famen Temple

Many incense burners are equipped with many exquisite decorations, especially treasures such as mythical beasts and monsters.

Longquan kiln aromatherapy (Southern Song Dynasty)

Koda kiln shadow green aromatherapy (song)

Hutian kiln is unique in its decorative skills, especially carving and scratching techniques. Doll patterns, lotus patterns, water ripples, etc. are all considerable, the composition is full, the lines are smooth, and it is full of a strong atmosphere of life.

Lotus Lotus Aromatherapy (Song)

The Song Dynasty was the first peak in the history of Chinese porcelain, and with the spread and popularization of incense culture in society, the porcelain incense smoker of the Song Dynasty occupied a place in the history of incense ware with its design, innovation and elegance.

Jun kiln incense burner (yuan)

Wrong Silver Stone Incense Burner (Ming)

Bronze stilt stilt furnace (Qing)

During the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties, incense culture had completely entered the homes of ordinary people. The royal nobles of the Ming and Qing dynasties handed down many elaborate incense stoves.

Incense burner (clear)

On the one hand, these incense burners imitate the fine products of the previous dynasties, in addition to porcelain and copper, a large number of precious jade materials are also used in furnaces; On the other hand, fire-loving materials such as bamboo, wood, teeth, and horns can also be used to make incense stoves.

Palace Museum Collection “Chen Zhenyue Man’s Qingyue Tour Atlas – Furnace Bogu”

A furnace, a smoke, cigarette smoke, fragrant overflowing, in the wonderful combination of stove and incense, we can understand what “red sleeves add incense with reading, Qinqi calligraphy and painting add poetry.” ”

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