Art historian Craig Clunas, the picture comes from the official website of Gresham College

Artist Historian Kolg has worked at the V & A Museum in the United Kingdom and has also been a professor at Oxford University for more than ten years. His new book “Who is Watching Chinese Painting” and the new exhibition “Freud and China” has recently met with the public. How should the history of the first study art get started? Which “myth” should be broken? Why is it worth paying attention to? Fashion bazaar art exclusive interviews with the academic circles, and take you into the world to take you into the world of art history.

-This talk about art history –

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牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

When searching for the words “art history” online, the most problem is: the history of the first school, what book should I read? Among them, there are about 80 % of them to recommend the art history of most of them. Does this make sense? What is the danger?

Ke Lige:

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

First of all, I want to be clear -I have never officially “learned” art history. Before entering this field, I read Chinese language and literature in school, and I have never read these most of the art history books.

In fact, in different countries, the learning process of art history majors is not the same. The United States starts with “big” and emphasizes historical education. However, Europe (including my Britain) usually starts with “small”, leading students to pay attention to the art of a specific period/region at the beginning of the study.

In Oxford University I have taught, a student of art history can be rarely known to Rembrandt before graduation.

Professor Ke Rige mentioned the work of “History of Chinese Painting” and “Modern Painting History” by the work of “Who in Chinese Painting” in the new book “Who Watching Chinese Painting”

Regarding the historical education itself, it is impossible to cover everything itself.

We must realize that behind the “everything”, more content is deliberately forgotten or omitted.

Gonbrech’s “The Story of Art” is called the most “successful” art history in history; but in the UK, no professor of art history will use it as a book in class. On the contrary, as a professor, the first thing we have to do is to tell students: the development of art history covers many problems. Any attempt to shape the “single linear” narrative of art history is misleading students.

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

If you ask me, do you want to read these most head books?

I recommend

Don’t do this.

Interested in Picasso to study Picasso, interested in Wen Zhengming to study Wen Zhengming, do not try to use a “framework” to include these two artists. If you are interested, you can understand it in depth.

Gonbrech’s “The Story of Art” has become the most respected art history enlightenment book in China, while Professor Kolg put forward the opposite suggestions.

So is reading the best way to understand art history? Is there any other way?

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

Now, there is a popular “correct” answer: reading art is much more important than reading. But in fact, not everyone lives in London or Beijing, nor everyone has the opportunity to come into contact with art every day.

Historically, the rich is always better than the poor “interested in art”

It takes a lot of time and money to fly to the big city to watch the exhibition. When admiring the importance of “looking at art”, we should not ignore the real inequality and real resistance behind this.

Today, the Internet has completely changed the rules of the game, and the electronic information is too rich. So this question should be asked to ask young people to understand what medium they like to use now. Books are still important, but it is no longer the only or most mainstream way of learning.

my suggestion is:

Find your interest and make full use of all the types of resources you can contact. If you have the opportunity and conditions, go to the art museum to see the art museum

Every new opening of the Beijing Palace Museum is always highly sought after, and the enthusiasm of modern people’s exhibition is increasingly rising.

Why should the public pay attention to the history of art?

In fact, it is completely possible to pay attention to (haha). I am very opposed to a kind of thought that has been popular: If you are not interested in art history, then you are very problematic.

Personally, the more I know, the more happiness I feel. Art is a practice of human beings that continues for thousands of years. The history of art takes me to a broader world.

Explore more and learn more, but at the same time, I also find that I know very little.

Professor Ke Loger explained the new exhibition “Freud and China” for the audience, the Freud Museum in the United Kingdom

-This to break the “myth” –

Are you a fan of the TV series “Daming Fenghua”? As an expert in the history of the Ming Dynasty, what are the unique perspectives of this historical drama?

During the epidemic, I watched a episode of “Daming Fenghua” a day, and came to practice Chinese by the way. First of all, we must admit that there are many factual errors in these historical dramas. But at the same time, the costumes and scenes in the play truly refer to the historical materials of that era. Historical dramas can help us imagine the feeling of wearing the Ming Dynasty clothing and waving their sleeves. This is a completely different experience that “watching works across glass in the art museum”.

Similar to “Daming Fenghua”, although the saying “bring history to life” sounds old, it is a global cultural attempt. For example, in the UK, the most popular book is historical novels, and it is fictional in the real historical framework. As long as the dividing line of academic and entertainment, why can’t we all need it? the most important is:

We can cultivate my interest and curiosity of academic academics through entertainment

Professor Ke Loger became a fan of the domestic TV series “Daming Fenghua” during the epidemic

More and more Chinese parents are willing to take their children to the art museum, but many of them will ask themselves or children to travel through every corner of the exhibition hall, for fear of missing any works. However, the guide projects of the Western Art Museum often only pay attention to one or a few works. What do you think of this “pan -view” and “refinement”?

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

Recently, there is a trend: people will give moral preaching for some way of viewing, so they have produced some so -called “correct” viewing and “wrong” viewing.

However, if I imagine myself going to the art museum, sometimes I want to watch it seriously, but sometimes I really just want to pass by. Why can’t “pan -view” and “refinement” be equally important? Why do we need to be taught to see? This is even more for children.

It is a good thing to bring your child to the art museum, but it is right to do not be too anxious. The key is to let the child enjoy the process of viewing.

In addition, there is another idea that is not desirable, that is: I have seen it once, why do I have to see the second time? In fact, every time you watch it, you can help you have new ideas.

Professor Koder’s new exhibition “Freud and China”, the Freud Museum in the UK

Whether it is the “recommended most head book” mentioned earlier or the “pan -view” phenomenon of the art museum that is talking about now, the history of art in the public context of China seems to be regarded as an overwhelming. What do you think?

The history of art is indeed a huge and rich discipline; but at the same time, we must have the courage to admit a fact:

who else

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

Will not be interested in all art

I study Chinese art, but it is not interested in Chinese art in all times. I acknowledge the importance of a class of art, but it does not mean that I have the responsibility to be curious about it.

Clarify your love, because if love is the same, then you don’t love anything.

Professor Ke Rog’s new book “Who is reading Chinese Painting”

-This art and audience-

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

Your new book published last year asked a question -who is reading Chinese painting? You focus on “painting in painting” (especially painting scenes) and audiences. Why do we pay attention to the audience who read the painting?

Once upon a time, the history of art only paid attention to what the artist did; now, we will look at the group of “art audiences” more. This change is not what I proposed,

It is the general trend of the development of art history disciplines

Before writing “Who Watching Chinese Painting”, I read another book about “painting in the painting”. The author’s theory is: “Painting in Painting” is unique to European art.

I have been fighting with such “European Center” all my life

Therefore, the original intention of research is to expand the context of “painting in painting”. I want readers to know: not only in European painting, but also Chinese painting also has “painting in painting”, but also has its unique expression.

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

“Painting” in the “Eighteenth Bachelor’s Picture” in the Palace Museum of Taipei, China

Through the “painting in painting” in history, readers began to think about their identity as an audience. Today, how do you become a “good” audience?

There is no shortcut to watch training,

Take more time

You will fall in love with this in -depth experience. In addition, as mentioned in the book, in the Ming and Qing dynasties, “

Social view

“(Social Looking) is very popular. People appreciate it together and watch the experience with each other. This is a human social nature. As we are in class in Oxford, students and professors first look at the works together, and then each of them. Speaking and expressing your own ideas. “Social viewing” is a good way to train and watch.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art Museum “Social Watch”

“Social Watch” in Yale University’s Art Museum “Social Watch”

Congratulations to your planning new exhibition “Freud and China” in the UK for the recent success. When studying the theme of this exhibition, what is the most surprising discovery of you?

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

Freud is obviously a heavyweight in history, and his debate has never stopped. However, my interest is not the question of “whether Freud’s doctrine is correct”.

This exhibition will focus on Freud’s relationship with the Chinese collection. The most surprising thing that surprised me was:

Although Freud has a large number of Chinese art collections, a large part of it is a pupae

He himself did not have much interest to learn Chinese art, and rarely talks about his collections. Therefore, his connection with these Chinese collections is based on a “non -language” relationship. However, he attached great importance to his collection and placed them in the core work area. Freud’s psychoanalysis also focuses on the “non -language” subconscious, which cannot help us think about the relationship between the Chinese collection and the theory of the Chinese collection and its claim.

“Psychoanalysis Sofa” in Freud’s former residence, Freud Museum in the UK

牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

Since Freud’s Chinese collections are many of them, why do we still pay attention?

For Freud’s collection, the value does not come from the work itself, but comes from the relationship between these works and their owners and audiences. Once a reporter asked me, Freud’s Chinese collection is valuable? In the economic sense, they are worthless as a pupa.

But the facts of “these fakes were owned by Freud” made them priceless, which is of great research significance.

Back to the topic of “the relationship between art and the audience”, even if it is Picasso or Wen Zhengming’s paintings, we have to learn to ask: Who has been owned by these paintings and who is watched today? This is the change of the focus of art history research. Young scholars are constantly asking today, asking for new questions that predecessors have never asked, this is also my expectation of this discipline in the future.

Exhibit

exhibition

Layout:

Freud and China

(Freud and China)

Time: February 12, 2022-June 26th

Address: Freud Museum London

Edit, Wen Sheng Yingying

This article is originally created by the Art Department of “Fashion Bazaar”.

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牛津顶级教授:初学艺术史,该读什么书?

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Professor Koder’s new exhibition “Freud and China”, the Freud Museum in the UK